Sports Memorabilia – Tips to Consider When Collecting Sporting Memorabilia

If you have a favorite player or favorite team, chances are you have some sort of merchandise of that player or team. Whether it’s a jersey, a banner, a blanket, a helmet, or even just a baseball cap. You may want to expand your horizons and invest in some memorabilia which would perhaps be investments for your future financial gain. There are some elements to consider when becoming a collector. First, you must educate yourself about the sports memorabilia industry. Second, you must determine what you want to buy. Third, you must determine how much you want to spend. And fourth, you need to do your homework before you get started.

(1) What is sports memorabilia?

- Sports memorabilia refers to anything that can be directly related to a sports event or a sports personality. Items from professional sports such as a baseball, football, basketball, a jersey, a boxing glove, a baseball card, and even an old bleacher seat from the famed Yankee Stadium which was recently dismantled in order to make way for the new Yankee Stadium. What makes these sports artifacts become valuable due to fans or ‘collectors’ if you will, find value in the rarity time value of these collectibles. Vintage sports memorabilia typically refers to sports items ‘representing the best of a pastime’.

(2) Sports memorabilia cards

- Collecting cards is a fun, exciting, and educational hobby that can last a lifetime. Almost all of us have had a pack of baseball or football cards at one time or another when we were kids. Many people have been saving all of their trading card since their childhood. These people may be sitting on a gold mine because some of these cards have a very high value in the memorabilia market -especially if they are in good condition.

When one thinks of sports cards, the first thing that comes to everyone’s mind is of course baseball cards. However, collector cards are popular in sports such as football, basketball, and hockey.

(3) Beginning as a collector

-With as little as a few dollars, you can start a collection of your own. First, you need to decide how much money you can afford to spend on your collection and what type of memorabilia you want to acquire. Then survey the varying types of memorabilia out there in the marketplace. This will give you a general idea of how much you may want to spend and what it is you may want to collect.

Second, you will probably want to join a memorabilia forum or message board. A good one to join is sportscardforum.com. At sportscardforum.com, you can keep up with the latest news in the sports memorabilia industry. Also, this is a great way to meet other collectible enthusiasts and perhaps some sports memorabilia dealers in your local area.

Purchase a price guide. You will need this as a point of reference to determine how much each piece of sports memorabilia you are interested in approximately worth in the marketplace. The best price guides can be found at Beckett.com. When purchasing a price guide, be sure you purchase the type of price guide that corresponds to the type of memorabilia you are interested in buying.

Begin your collection by starting out with inexpensive items at the start.

(4) Where to buy sports collectibles and artifacts

- The most efficient and easiest way to find sports memorabilia is on the internet. Many online auction sites such as eBay rate vendors and provide buyer and seller guides. Many people scour newspaper ads for estate sales and auctions looking for vintage memorabilia that may be available and are hidden gems. Some collectors even deal with sports memorabilia brokers and attend collectible trade shows. As a beginner with any collection, most collects start out by visiting sports memorabilia shops.

By visiting and patronizing sports memorabilia shops or stores, you can see the items in person. You are dealing directly with the shop owner, and you have a comfort level that surpasses any online shopping site. The problem with the online industry is that you are prone to counterfeit items. Don’t get me wrong, you are always prone to counterfeit items in the sporting memorabilia world.

(5) Autographed sports memorabilia

There are a few more factors in which sports memorabilia autographs can enhance the value of a piece of memorabilia.

- The death of a popular or respected athlete can prove to bring a sudden increase in demand for autographed items by that player. The simple logic is that the player will not be able to sign any more autographs-limiting the supply of his signed memorabilia in the marketplace. As a result, collectors will want these items even more and that in turn will increase its value even further.

-Sports memorabilia collectors value their favorite athlete’s autograph. For instance, signed NFL full sized helmets will surely cost a lot more in the future if it were signed by a football great such as Joe Montana or John Elway.

-Sports memorabilia autographs can increase in demand if a particular athlete has a very lengthy career and a good reputation as an athlete (i.e. Derek Jeter). Furthermore, players who have retired with well respected careers will also have prized memorabilia in their name.

-If an item in which the signature of the player is inducted into the Hall of Fame, the value of the collectible goes up due to the permanent elevated status of that athlete among his or her peers.

The 5 Most Popular Sports in Ireland Include Ancient Gaelic Games

Ireland has a fantastic sporting heritage and enthusiasm for all sports is rife throughout the country, from junior and amateur levels all the way up to international professionals. The five most popular sports in Ireland Gaelic football, hurling, soccer and horse racing being spectator and participant sports and lets not forget golf are very sociable activities in Ireland that bring people together, whether joining a club or team or simply watching in the pub. As such, an Ireland Sports Tour to attend sporting events or to compete as a team can be a great way to see the country and meet people while enjoying your favorite sport. In addition to huge support for the mainstream European sports such as football, rugby, and golf, Ireland has many of its own sports that are followed fanatically and have begun to grow internationally thanks to the large Irish expatriate communities all over the world.

Gaelic Football

The most popular sport in Ireland is Gaelic football, which has more in common with rugby or Australian-rules football than association football. Normally played by teams of 15 over two halves of around 30 minutes on a large grass pitch, the aim is to score more points than the other team. Points are scored by either kicking or punching the ball over the crossbar of the H-frame goal or into the net. Gaelic football matches can attract a large, passionate support, especially at senior levels. No sporting tour of Ireland would be complete without seeing one for yourself.

Hurling – another ancient Gaelic Sport

The second most popular sport in Ireland is hurling, an ancient sport also of Gaelic origin, and shares many of the features of Gaelic football. Played on the same pitch, with the same goals, number of players and scoring system, the difference is in the manner of play. Players use a flattened wooden stick with a curved end, known as a hurley, to strike the sliotar, a small leather ball somewhat similar to a baseball, and attempt to score points for their team. Good players can hurl the sliotar at great speeds over enormous distances. As such, injuries are not uncommon, but hurling remains a popular and intensely exciting sport to watch or play, and another must-see for any Irish sporting tour.

Golf in Ireland

For those who prefer more tranquil sports and pastimes, Ireland has much to offer to keen golfers. Although more traditionally associated with Scotland, Ireland has a rich golfing history and many of its courses have been played on for hundreds of years. The more sedate pace of golf allows those on an Ireland Sports Tour a more leisurely opportunity to meet and socialize with local players whilst taking in the picturesque scenery of one of the Emerald Isles many fantastic links, and of course a visit to the clubhouse to tee off on the “19th hole!”

Soccer (Football)

Despite being stuck in the shadow of more traditional Gaelic sports, the worlds most popular sport does thrive in Ireland and soccer, association football or just plain football fans can always find something to keep them occupied, particularly in the cities. Whilst the media are predominantly focused on the Scottish and English Leagues, there are many competitive teams in Ireland and it is well worth your while to take in a match if you are there in season, as the Irish bring the same vociferous support and enthusiasm to football as to any of their other pastimes.

Horse Racing

Of course, there are many other sports and events in Ireland such as horse racing, though horse racing is not something you can challenge as a team, it can be enjoyed as a spectator. However, no matter what your particular game it is an odds-on bet that an Ireland Sports Tour will fit the bill and you will find it fun and enjoyable. Ireland is a popular destination for all sorts of sports enthusiasts; the people are welcoming and friendly, and often happy to arrange friendly match-ups for those on sporting tours. This can be an excellent way to meet the local Irish people, mingling with the natives as you toast victory or mourn defeat with your new friends in the pub or clubhouse.

Travel Tips for Team Play or Spectators

If you are a sports fan, team member, sports coach, or group leader look for a reputable company to handle your tour arrangements and Ireland sports travel vacations. Whether you want to go to Ireland as a spectator or arrange for your sports team to go to Ireland and challenge the Irish it is important to work with the best due to the logistics involved with sporting events and games.

3 Reasons You Need a Sports Betting System to Make Money With Your Sport Picks

Sports betting has grown to be one of the most entertaining ways to watch sports and make some money while you are at it. Though many people will think that you need to be a genius or a sports fanatic to love the hobby, this is actually completely false. There are many sports betting people out there who make a very nice return on their investment through sports wagering. There are certain sports betting systems that will make the process easier and allow you to enjoy the experience more. These sports betting systems will allow you to make some money and actually allow you to treat it as an extra source of income.

While some people have tried betting on sports in the past and found themselves on the losing end, there are people who bet on sports out there that consistently make a profit. What is their ‘secret’? These people will most of the time follow a sports betting system. Following are three reasons you should use a sports betting system when making sports wagers.

Get The Best Picks.

Sports wagering is all about picking the right teams. You need to choose wisely and many people don’t know where to start. Not everyone can be a sports fanatic and people do not have enough time to be able to study stats and odds. Being able to pick the right players and teams is what really makes you a good sports bettor. This is what the sports betting systems can do for you and they will give you the best chance at picking the best teams. Sports wagering is all about being able to predict which team will win and to use stats to make the most educated guess. However, there are other things that can affect the outcome and to try and come up with your own system is a lot of work and takes a lot of time.

Return on your Investment

You simply do not need to be a sports fan to enjoy betting on sports. Just as long as you have the money to be able to bet and to have a good idea of which teams are good, you will be able to make the right bets and at the same time make a nice return on your initial investment. Watching sports can be very fun but having a bet on a certain team will dramatically increase the excitement of the game. What most people don’t understand is that there is a lot of money to be made through betting on sports and it is a good idea to invest in sports. People who invest in sports treat it as another part of their investment portfolio. With consistent gains through a solid sports betting system, gaining an average of 2% daily on your bankroll is not unheard of.

No Special Skill Needed

Contrary to popular belief, you simply do not need any skill to see profit in sports wagering. You will however need access to a legit sports betting system and to also work with the right people. Since all of the work and the research will be done for you, the process simply becomes a breeze. Sports wagering is all about being able to choose the right teams, but since you will have the support of the sports betting system, it becomes easier. Many sports betting systems will email their plays for that particular day and all you need to do is complete them on your end. The only ‘work’ involved would be to maintain a solid money management strategy. Combining the sports betting system with a solid money management system will allow you to see nice returns on your investment for a long time.

If you are a sports fan or simply would like to enjoy them more, then there is nothing like sports betting. When you wager money during a game, you simply start to enjoy the game more. Most people will admit that most sporting events are boring unless they have something on the line. However, a lot of people will steer away from sports betting because they simply have no idea what to do. Just as long as you have the right information and the correct mindset, you will be able to really enjoy sports much more. With just a little experience and patience, a sports betting strategy can be a great way to relax and make money.

Sports Arbitrage – A Path to Regular Risk Free Profits – Learn More

Sports arbitrage betting

Arbitrage sports betting is a proven way to get regular risk free profits from the massive online fixed odds betting market. In a way it’s like a swoop and scoop of regular small profits from pitting one fixed odds bookmaker against another.

Sports arbitrage betting takes it’s origins from arbitrage trading in financial markets. In financial markets an arbitrage trade exploits the difference in the price of a listed company on a stock market in different countries.

Sports arbitrage trading is where someone regularly trades price inconsistencies between fixed odds bookmakers on the same sporting event. After all bookmakers are only human and they make mistakes. These mistakes can be exploited by someone who wants to spot them.

In truth a lot of fixed odds bookmakers don’t want you to know this information….but sports arbitrage betting is legal and doesn’t harm the bookmakers business in any case. The returns you can expect from sports arbitrage trading are limited only by the fixed odds bookmakers who cap the stake size. The only investment needed with a ‘sport arb’ is your betting stake, which as you’ll learn is totally guaranteed.

What sort of budget should I start with for sports arbitrage trading?

Well, this is your decision. Depending on your level of experience we would suggest free sport arbitrage betting with the free bets available from online fixed odds bookmakers. You can increase your budget with your level of confidence. The winnings with sport arbitrage trading can be added to your bank. If you decided to invest a percentage of you bank each time your stake and you profit will increase accordingly.

How do bookmakers lose their money?

Sports arbitrage trading is all about spotting inconsistencies between different bookmakers’ prices that regularly exist. As a result of mistakes by fixed odds bookmakers an under round occurs. An under round forms the basis of a sports arbitrage bet. Simply the under round is when the total number of probabilities priced by the odds on that event are below 100%. A typical under round is where you would have to invest £96 to get the bookmaker to pay you £100. Using this example a sports arbitrage bet would give you a return of 4%. You can expect a return of around 4% for sports arbitrage bets. Sometimes you will get more than 4%.

Sports arbitrage bets win regardless of the outcome of the event without any need for expert knowledge of sports betting or sports. This is one of the reasons sports arbitrage betting has a popular following.

There are two sides to any fixed odds bet, back and lay. Sports arbitrage bets come as back / back bets or back / lay bets.

Lets have a look at how these sports arbitrage bets might look.

Back / back sports arbitrage

In the week of October 7th there were many arbs between 3% and up 9.17% for the European Championship Qualifiers played that week. Several of these sport arb opportunities lasted longer than normal because of the massive amount of interest in the games.

An example of one sport arb that week is given below: -

Poland Vs Latvia You could bet: – Latvia at 15.0 with Bet365 or Eurobet The Draw at 7.0 Luvbet Poland at 1.35 with several bookmakers including Unibet.com and Nordicbet.com. The odds have been converted to a percentage to make it easier to visualize.

By splitting your total stake Poland 77.951%, Draw 15.033% and Latvia 7.016% you would guarantee a profit of 5.23% regardless of the outcome of the match.

i.e.

Poland 77.951 x 1.35 = 105.23 Draw 15.033 x 7 = 105.23 Latvia 7.016 x 15 = 105.23

Why do these pricing inconsistencies or under round prices occur?

As bookmakers can now operate online, there are now hundreds of online fixed odds bookmakers. They are all competing with one another and are located in various countries and time zones. To be the person who actually prices a particular sportsbook you have to have a massive amount of knowledge of that sport. To compete, fixed odds bookmakers offer loads of sports in their sportsbook, but there isn’t the expertise to cover every sport. They may have the relevant stats but they can’t possibly know every participant and every event. In short mistakes can and do happen. Taking this into account and the difference in time zones you get hundreds of opportunities for sports arbitrage trading every week.

Take two examples.

When England play soccer most bets with UK bookmakers will be supporting England. Bookmakers may offer the opposition at an inflated price to create a balanced book.

A typical week with four golf tournaments and a couple of tennis events bookmakers may have to price up 800 or so outright odds plus over 400 matches just in these two sports alone. We only need two bookmakers from the many available to have a difference of opinion in one of these markets to create an opportunity.

Back / lay sports arbitrage betting

You can also find a sport arb between the back and lay price (win / lose) for the event. Back / lay sports arbitrage betting has been made easier due to betting exchanges like Betfair. A betting exchange allows members to lay an event (e.g. for a horse to lose). A back / lay sports arbitrage bet occurs when the price offered by a bookmaker is higher than the lay price available on a betting exchange for the same selection. The difference between the two represents your profit. Often a bookmaker can be slow to change the price on a favourite when something has happened to reduce the odds. As the price drops on the betting exchange you profit by laying low with the betting exchange and backing high with the bookmaker.

How do we find sports arbitrage bets?

Finding sports arbitrage bets can be time consuming. Spotting them is relatively easy. You just convert the opposing odds on an event to a percentage and see if they add up to less than 100%.

Instead of trawling odds comparison sites we recommend using one of the sports arbitrage services which are available. These companies use software to search for sports arbitrage bets for you.

What is the first step to successful sports arbitrage trading?

Sports arbitrage opportunities can spring up anywhere; a fixed odds bookmaker in the USA, UK, Europe or Australia. The first step is to open an account with a selection of online fixed odds bookmakers. There are some specific bookmakers who suit sports arbitrage betting because they allow a high stake size. As you’ll learn it is important to have a bookmaker who allows a high stake when you consider you are making around 4% on each sports arbitrage bet.

How do I set up a sports arbitrage bet once I have opened by fixed odds bookmaker account?

When you know which fixed odds bookmakers are presenting a sports arbitrage opportunity log into your account with each bookmaker. Have the fixed odds betting terminal of each bookmaker open in a separate browser window. Enter your stake in each one. Click confirm quickly one after the other and you sports arbitrage risk free profit is secured.

Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management

One of the major factors militating against the development of sports in Nigeria today is lack of effective management. A lot of solutions are being proffered by concerned and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the quagmire. One of such solutions is this text entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and educational consultant. I was the person invited by the author and the university to review the book when it was presented to the public on December 4, 2008 in Nigeria.

According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism all over the world that sport is now a reference issue which can no longer be ignored at various sectors of the economy and spheres of life. The author adds that this text thus takes a critical look at topical issues in sports administration and management, dwelling on theories and principles of modern trends in sports administration and management such as leadership, organisation, planning, motivation, etc.

The text contains 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the concept of sports management”. Here, Awoyinfa says management is a concept that implies different things to different people at different times, thus leading to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that management has been variously described as an art, a science, a person or people, a discipline and a process.

This author expatiates that as an art, sports management is all about carrying out sports organisational functions and tasks through people; while as a science, sports management is about establishing sports philosophy, laws, theories, principles, processes and practices. As an organisation, according to him, sports management is defined as a means of creating formal structures and an establishment based on a mission, objectives, targets, functions and tasks.

Awoyinfa says as a person or group of people, sports management may refer to the head alone or to all the senior staff, committee, etc.; while as a discipline, management is a field of study with various subjects and topics. The author illuminates that sports management as a process is about a systematic way of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights management functions in sports administration as planning, organising, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, coordination, budgeting and evaluation. On whom a sports manager is, this author educates that a sports manager is anyone at any level of sport organisation who directs
the efforts of other people towards the achievement of organisational goals sport-wise.

Chapter two is based on the subject matter of evolution and trends of sports management thought. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the development of thoughts on sports management dates back to the days when people first attempted to accomplish goals by working together in a group. In his words, “There was serious thinking and theorising about managing many years before the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which marked the beginning of modern sports management thought. Major efforts to develop theories and principles of sports management began from the early twentieth (20th) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The industrial revolution of the nineteenth (19th) century probably provided the climate for this very serious theorising.”

Awoyinfa adds that since the turn of the 20th century, writers on sports management and business theory have been propounding different theories about how to manage work and personnel more efficiently and effectively. This author educates that the three main schools of management thought are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports management theorists; principles and characteristics of scientific management; appraisal of the scientific management theory, etc., in this chapter.

Chapter three is thematically labelled “principles of sports management”. In this chapter, the educational consultant explains that sports principles are the basic laws on which the practice of sports management is built. He adds that management principles must therefore be based on general terms for them to be applicable within sport organisations of varying sizes and character. “Modern sports managers and administrators are expected to be able to identify and use appropriate principles that are relevant to particular situations. This is because no single principle can suit all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.

He says the fundamental principles of sports are those applicable to all sports organisations and as a result of their general acceptability, they are sometimes referred to as “universal principles of sports management”. This author expatiates that some of these principles are: responsibility; delegation of authority and communication. As regards humanitarian principles of sports management, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human relations, sympathy, empathy, consideration and humility.

In chapter four based on the concept of behavioural and motivational theories in sports organisation, the author says human beings are unique creatures as they behave differently under different conditions and are mostly difficult to predict. Awoyinfa stresses that since human beings constitute the most important element in sports organisation, sports managers need some understanding of why people behave in one way or the other, so that they (sports managers) can influence people to perform exactly the way sports organisations find desirable.

One potent instrument this author suggests that can be used to elicit performance in athletes is motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something needed in sports organisations to make employees perform.
However, it has been an important and a puzzling subject for sports managers.” Awoyinfa further discusses development of motivational concepts in sports organisation; application of motivational theories to sports management; methods of behaviour modification, etc., in this chapter.

In chapters five to ten, the author beams his analytical searchlight on subject matters such as management techniques in sports organisation; the concept of sports organisation; setting design in sports organisation; the concept of planning in sports administration; making sports organisations more effective in Nigeria and staffing in sports organisations.

Chapter 11 is based on communication strategies in sports organisation. According to Awoyinfa here, communication is a crucial factor in any organisational effectiveness because organisations cannot function effectively when communication skills are lacking among members. “Since communication is the moving spirit in an organisation, its absence may make organisations standstill,” asserts this author.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts such as organisational changes and development in sports administration; leadership in sports administration and management; administration and management of soccer as a coach; teaching human kinetics and health education in schools and colleges; and organisation and administration of schools at various levels of education.

As regards mode of presentation, this text scores a pass mark. For instance, the language is comprehensible and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is expected, given the author’s dual professional background as a lecturer and pastor. To ensure easy study of the text on readers’ part, Awoyinfa highlights the objectives of each chapter at the beginning and ends with review/revision questions.

What’s more, he creatively embroiders the text with graphics (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, etc.) to enhance readers’ understanding through visual communication. Awoyinfa includes references at the end of each chapter to fulfil academic obligation of source disclosure and offer readers opportunities to read more. Inclusion of many references also confirms the depth of his research. His use of visual distinction for the phrase “Modern Trends” in the title is emphatically creative.

If there are chapters that really make this text qualified as a compendium of modern solutions to the administrative and management problems plaguing our sports development in Nigeria, they are chapters four, eight, 11 and 13. This is because they discuss motivation, planning, communication and leadership respectively.

Meanwhile, the thematically greatest chapter of all is chapter four. The fact that it is consciously or unconsciously taken to be the greatest chapter finds practical expression in the deeper communication and cohesion between its subject matter on the one hand and the outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical images such as goal post, cyclists racing, a lawn tennis player poised for action with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers struggling for ball possession, on the other hand. These are images used for illustration in motivational discourse.

However, some errors are noticed in this text. The errors are “Acknowledgement” (page iii), instead of “Acknowledgements”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), instead of “Losing”, etc. These errors need to be corrected in the next edition.

On a note of analytical finality, this text is a compendium of irresistible sports management tips. It is a must-read for all stakeholders in the sports sector, especially managers and administrators. It is simply fascinating.